surface operations






Propositions are statements of inquiry and possibility. Propositions acknowledge both the current and future state of things. Propositions are aspirations grounded in an understanding of context and place. A proposition that is both architectural and landscape architectural is one that emerges from conceptualizing both as manufactured conditions of Earth's Surface. In this final chapter, we will create a hybrid landscape/architecture proposition, one that is realized through a procedurally generated provocation.

In this final chapter "Propositions", we will apply the procedures and provocations from chapters 01 & 02 to the design of an electro-mat - a charging station for electric and hybrid vehicles. This collection of assignments for closely mirrors tradition approach to an architectural design studio project. 




All assignments are due @ 1:00 pm on the date specified in both digital and physical formats. 


The assignments for this chapter have a set of standardized formats and constraints. When completing each assignment use the appropriate templates and begin by building off of assignment tutorials. Below is a list of requirements for all assignments. Additional requirements may be stated in the assignment descriptions in the "assignments" section.

1.  All graphic production must utilize the provided 20" x 20" Illustrator template. 

2. All models must be completed using the assigned materials, methods and dimensions.

3. All work must be submitted in both physical and digital formats.





Individual file naming convention: 



Group file naming convention:


This collection of assignments for closely mirrors tradition approach to an architectural design studio project. Each assignment will focus on one component of the project. Each assignment corresponds to a drawing, diagram or model requirement for the studio. While each assignment has a due date, each will be revisited and revised in the course  "Epilogue" 



Flows are the movement of energy and matter in and through a given context.

In this assignment each team will analyze the flow of energy and materials of and through their site - Existing Conditions. Then propose new paths of circulation for this set of data, as well as propose new sets of material and energy to occupy or move through your site - Proposed Conditions.

Each Diagram should use the same base conditions, have the same extents, be drawn at the same scale, and express information using the same graphic language. 



Due | Wednesday: 03.16.2018

Items | 2 Site Diagram Drawing Sets (20" x 20" each) + Extra Information Graphics



1. Diagram the flows of your site as they relate to Existing Conditions. Your group should consider the following:

- Water

- Light

- Air

- Animals (birds, beavers, deer, snakes, etc )

- People

- Vehicles (cars, boats, trains, bikes, etc)

- Activities / Operations


2. Diagram the flows of your site as they relate to Proposed Conditions. Your group should consider the material typologies below. These may be alternations or interventions of existing conditions, entirely new conditions, or existing conditions unchanged.

- Water

- Light

- Air

- Animals (birds, beavers, deer, snakes, etc )

- People

- Vehicles (cars, boats, trains, bikes, etc)

- Goods (food, electricity, coffee cups, etc)

- Activities / Operations

- Other program related items


3. Write a one sentence statement that describes the thesis of flows in your project. This sentence should refer to what interventions, alterations or new flows your group has created. This statement can be abstract in that it refers to a general approach to all specific flows. 


resolution-4 architecture - pre-fab building configuration matrix.


Organizations are the order and relation of parts to each other, parts to a whole and wholes to a context. 

In the first part of this assignment  each group will create a relational diagram that explores and explains the programmatic relationship between activities, spaces, flows, and surfaces (both landscape architectural and architectural).

In the second part of this assignment each group will develop an isometric drawing that shows the spatial relationship between programs, flows, and surfaces (both landscape architectural and architectural).

Together these two drawings will be used to generate landscape and architectural forms




Monday: 03.19.2018 (Digital Models)

Wednesday: 03.21.2018 ( Isometric Drawings)

Items | Plan Diagram & Isometric Drawing



1. REQUIRED PROGRAMS:  Research the list of required programs below. Determine the volume each of these spaces needs. You will need to, create a dimensioned plan drawing for each program/space or collection of programs and spaces first. Then 

Required Programs:

- Supercharging units :

Car: 30 units double sided or 60 units single sided

Semi: 15 units double sided or 30 units single sided

- Mens, Womens, and Gender Neutral bathrooms : Min. 23 toilets total (this can include some up to 7 urinals)

- 6 individual showers and changing areas

- Baby changing stations

- Hand washing stations/counter - 0.75 per toilet

- Cashier + Information counter

- Storage and maintenance room(s)

- Office and break room for employees

- Mechanical room(s)

- Exterior and Interior Seating

- Parking spaces for additional cars (based on your group program)

- Power plant or transformer area (exterior)

- Vertical & Horizontal circulation

2. ELECTIVE PROGRAMS: Create a plan drawing and volume for each of the program your group identified in Assignment 05. This together with step 1 and your group flow diagrams will constitute all the elements needed for step 3 + 4.

3. Create 3 digital models (using Rhino and Grasshopper) that illustrate the following relationships:

- ADJENCTCY (Programmatic Relationships)

What programs, both interior and exterior are next to or away from other programs. Consider how the required and elective programs are position towards one another.

- MASSING (Formal Relationships)

Formal relationships are related to adjacent, but also describe the whole of the figure created, the voids generated, and the set of rules used, such as alignments, gaps, repetition, etc.

- SITING (Contextual Relationships)

Siting includes the relationship of the massing(s) to site features, the ground surface (above or below), orientation to solar vectors or wind directions, and similar considerations.

- FLOW (Circulatory Relationships)

Flow builds upon the the flow diagrams in assignment 07, but now takes into account building and landscape form.

4.  Create 3 Isometric Drawing/Diagram that illustrate the relationships above. 

- This  drawing/diagram is similar to a massing design. Show the volumes that each program needs and its position in space relative to each other.

- Show flows as lines.

-  Identify the "build-able area" of your site in this drawing. 

- Show both interior and exterior programs.  These should include ideas about landformations.

These three drawings should be made in the same way, viewed from the same position, and use the same graphic language. These drawings can be color coded, rendered, or shown using shaded faces. In whatever representation your group chooses, make sure that it's 3-dimensional is communicated. 




In this assignment each group is asked to develop a set of site + building strategies. These include developing a conceptual/formal relationship between landscape and architecture through a Parti Diagram, and to create a series of schemes that relate to these diagrams.  It also includes developing techniques that allow you to shape land-surfaces to meet the interior and exterior programmatic needs you identified in previous assignments. 

The precedents below may give you some suggestions of the relationships between landscape and architecture play in siting, massing, program, etc.



Southern Utah Museum of Art | Brooks + Scarpa | 2017

Lingotto Building (Fiat factory) | Matte Trucco | 1923 (addition Renzo Piano – 1989)

Mercedes-Benz Museum | UN Studio | 2006

Riverside Museum Glasgow | Zaha Hadid | 2013

Wenchuan National Earthquake Memorial | Cai Yongjie | 2013

Yokohama Port Terminal | Foreign Office Architects | 2002

Naples Afragola Station | Zaha Hadid | 2017

Chateau La Coste Art Gallery | Renzo Piano Building Workshop | 2009

Scirps Research Institute Neurosciences Center | Tod Williams + Billie Tsien | 1996

Naoshima Ferry Terminal | SANAA | 2006

California Sciences Center | Renzo Piano Building Workshop | 2008

Brooklyn Bridge Park | Michael Van Valkenburgh | 2009 – current

Trollstigen Service Station and Café | Reiulf Ramstad Arkitekter |2012

Vall d’en Joan landfill | Batlle I Roig Arquitectes | 2010

Timmelscjoch, Pass Museum | Werner Tscholl  | 2011

Makomanai Takino Cemetery | Tadao Ando | 2015



Due :

Friday: 03.23.2018 (Initial Digital Models) - by the end of class

Wednesday: 03.28. 2018 (Final Digital Model)

Items :

For 3 schemes develop the following:

- Parti Diagrams

- Site Surface Isometric Drawing,

- Site Plan Drawing

- 3D Model(s)




Our primary vehicle of design investigation this semester is the surface. Now that each group has begun collecting and generating information sets that describe both contextual and proposed conditions, we can transition into programming, articulating, compounding, aggravating, and developing landscape and architectural forms by designing surfaces. 

In this assignment each group is asked to design a collection of surfaces that organize, facilitate, structure, and respond to the conditions in A07 & A08.  These can be singular surfaces, collections of surfaces, or volumes defined by surfaces. 



Due :

Monday, April 9th @ 1pm

Items : 

- Project Parti (Architecture + landscape + ?)

- Site Surface Studies (Isometric Drawings)

- Architectural Surface Studies (Isometric Drawings or Models)

- Circulation Diagram (Site + Vehicles + People)

- Building Studies (Digital and/or Physical)


1. Finalize your "parti" diagrams from A08.  These are drawings that describe the strategy, not necessarily the model. They describe what your project is doing, or how it is organized, not what it looks like. These are similar to the diagrams you made for A02 + A03, but more abstract and concise. You will use these in the next steps.

2. Create a Surface Operations digital model that describe each of your massing models from A08. Consider what the "operative" surfaces are in each scheme. In other words, model the surfaces that are making the parti work. There should only be a few surfaces per scheme, but we should be able to "read" the scheme in the surface model. - We will discuss these in groups on Friday.

3. Create a set of isometric drawings that illustrate the surface operations model.  You may addapt, change or combine schemes in this assignment. But you need to produce and present 3 schemes in total.  


A11 | FORMS 

In this last assignment each group is asked to develop and represent a final project form, which integrates landscape and architectural surface articulations.  The assignment is the last iteration of your conceptual and formal explorations, from here you will only be developing and further articulating and representing this scheme. 



Due | Monday, April 16th @ 1pm

Items | Group Presentations

- Site & Building model(s)

- Site Plan (Vehicles + Pedestrians + Site topography + Roof Plans)

- Site & Building Isometric Diagram

- Project Parti Diagram (Architecture + Landscape + ?)

- Long Section (Architecture + Landscape)

- Elevation (Architecture + Landscape)

- Conceptual & Operational Diagrams

- Site Data Diagrams

- Precedents (form, structure, concept, material)

- Class Diagrams:

1. Site Locations

2. Migration Patterns

3. Wind Patterns