surface operations






In the chapter "Provocations", we will explore the Parts, Parameters, Programs and Context of our project.

Provocations are deliberate actions intended to illicit a response from an individual, a system or some assemblage of both. A provocation acknowledges the existence and adjacency of others - other actors, other environments, and other rules, other motivations, other constraints. A provocation for design in one that agitates predictability and convention.

Each assignment requires you to collect, organize and communicate information that will impact our studio project - and to utilize that information to produce a series of effects generated by the combination and allocation of that information into scenarios.

Production for this series of assignments will focus on graphic communications either as dimensioned technical drawings and models or as diagrams.



All assignments are due @ 1:00 pm on the date specified in both digital and physical formats. 


The assignments for this chapter have a set of standardized formats and constraints. When completing each assignment use the appropriate templates and begin by building off of assignment tutorials. Below is a list of requirements for all assignments. Additional requirements may be stated in the assignment descriptions in the "assignments" section.

1.  All graphic production must utilize the provided 20" x 20" Illustrator template. 

2. All work must be submitted in both physical and digital formats.





Individual file naming convention: 



Group file naming convention:





Parts & Parameters are those things with fixed spatial and temporal dimensions.  These are thing that as designers we must account for and accommodate, but that we do not have a hand in their design. Even so, the choice as to what we accommodate and design for is a design decision. Below id a list of assigned parts and parameters. We will collect and represent these as a class, creating a catalog of 2 and 3 dimensional visualizations to use in ch. 03. You may choose to add additional items to this list as you develop your project.

All items should be drawn/drafted using AutoCAD or Rhino and transferred to Illustrator to set line weights and line types. Make sure all drawings have outlines that are joined poly-lines. Seperate items by layer, and  line-types by sub-layer.

When available collect 3D models of each of these for use in modeling, diagramming and rendering.

Create a folder in Classes for each type of item.


Due | Wednesday: 02.14.2018

Items | 2D & 3D catalogue



Find, Modify, and/or Create, a plan and elevation line drawing for each item.

Find a 3D model of every item Marked with an "M"


Automobiles: (Plan, Front Elevation, Side Elevation)

- Tesla Semi (with trailer) - M

- 4 EV or Hybrid Cars - M

- Navistar  eStar Electric Delivery Van - M


Objects: (Plan, Front Elevation, Side Elevation)

- Tesla (or similar) Charging Unit - M

- Commercial Furniture

- Chair - M

- Table - M

- Couch - M

- Bench - M

- Toilet & Stall

- ADA Toilet & Stall

- Sink

- Shower 

- Misc Kitchen Equipment


People: (Plan, Front and/or Side Elevation)

- 10 Adults Standing - M

- 5 Adults Sitting - M

- 5 Children Standing - M

- 3 Children Sitting - M

- 1 Wheel Chair w/ Ocupant - M

- Adults, Children, Pets : in Various Activities


Plants: (Plan,  Elevation)

- 5 Regional Trees

- 3 Regional Grasses



Circulation: (Plan, Various Elevation)

- Freight Elevator

- Passenger Elevator

- Escalator - M

- Fire Stair





Find, Modify, and/or Create a Plan line drawing for the following:


Turning Radius:

Semi Truck

Mid-size Automobile


Parking Bays:

90 degrees : Semi Truck

45 degrees : Semi Truck

90 degrees :Mid-size Automobile

45 degrees :Mid-size Automobile


Highway On/Off Ramp Geometry:

Semi Truck


Delivery/Loading Dock:

Semi Truck / Delivery Van






Programming for this project has two components: Established Programs & Speculative Programs. Established program are those functions and spaces that are already associated with a service station or rest-stop. They already have a track record of being effective or not at addressing the needs of travelers. These established programs will be assigned to you.  

This assignment is concerned with Speculative Programs, those programs that may or may not be needed, effective, or already have a track record. They are associated with the unique spatio-temporal challenges of an electric charging station, set along a highway, miles from an urban condition. 

In this assignment you will research and visualize activities that can potentially take place within the general context of an EV charging station. You may work with others in collecting data and finding images. 




Initial Graphic: Monday, 02. 19. 2018

Final Graphic: Wednesday, 02. 21. 2018


1 graphic : 20" x 20"



1. Research charging times for the Tesla Semi, Navistar eStar Delivery Van and 4 EV cars chosen in A04. What are the time-frames or range of times for partially and fully charging each vehicle? These times will be the basis of the graphic you create for this assignment. List this information an its sources.

2. Consider what an individual, a family, a group , and a professional driver might do during the time-frames from step 1.  Find at least 10 activities that some or all of these groups might do while waiting for vehicles to charge. Answer the following questions about each:

- What is this activity's duration?

- Does this activity take place indoor or outdoors?

- How much space does each activity need?

- How many people can participate in this activity?

- Does this activity require any specific space, furniture, equipment? If so what.


3.Divide these activities into the following categories: 

- Entertainment

- Leisure

- Work

- Healthcare

- Fitness

- Dinning

- Misc.


4. Find an image that represents this activity in some way. Cut it out from it's background, so that it can be used as a figure in your program graphic.

5. Find a partner. Together consider how you might modify the Grasshopper script presented in Tutorial 04. Work with this partner to devise a workflow between Grasshopper / Rhino / Illustrator / Photoshop. You may share program research, images, etc. Though, you may share techniques and content, each person needs to make their own program graphic.

6. Using the Illustrator template provided in A01 and the Grasshopper script from tutorial 04, create a spatio-temporal map of possible programs. Use the figures in step 4 to identify each program. Include the data you collected from steps 2 and 3 in this graphic. 




A06 | SITE


In assignment 06 we select a project site, by examining imagery, and data from GIS and USGS. Working in groups we will then create and structure a landscape surface in Rhino and Grasshopper to work with for the remainder of the semester. 




PART 01:

Fri. 02.23.2018 @ 3:00pm / 4:30pm

PART 02:

Wed. 02.28.2018 @ 1:00pm


PART 01:

Map of Interstate Highway System, Oriented so North is Up,  which includes:

- Urban Areas

- Existing Charging Stations

PART 02:

3D Site Model

Isometric Drawing of Site w/ Topos @ 1' intervals | Trimmed to Site Boundaries.

Plan Drawing of Site w/ Topos @ 1' intervals | Trimmed to Site Boundaries and Oriented so North is Up




1. Divide into 3 groups of 5 people. Each group will research one of the following United States Interstate Highway System roads.

Group A. Interstate 64 

Group B. Interstate 95 

Group C. Interstate 81 


Research the following data points for each road. Some answers will be the same across groups, so collaborate and share information and resources when you can. Record where you get this information. Place all information into a google doc. 

- When was the United States Interstate Highway System initiated & why was it built?

- What are its parameters/dimensions?

- Who builds and maintains them?

- How many vehicles travel on them in a day, a week, a month, a year?

- What are the range of speeds vehicles travel at?


2. Each group will select 3 sites along the specified stretch of your assigned highway.

Group A. Interstate 64 (between Charleston WV and Newport News VA)

Group B. Interstate 95 (between Savannah GA and Richmond VA)

Group C. Interstate 81 (between Bristol TN and Harrisburg PA)


3. Select sites based on its potential for an EV charging station.

- Is there room for cars and semis to exit, park and merge back onto the highway? 

- Does the site accommodate traffic from both directions?

- Is there room for the programs listed in A05?

- Is it isolated enough to make it a viable station?


Once 3 sites have been chosen, list the attributes of each site. Some examples are 

- Topography

- Distance from cities or towns

- Built conditions

- Vegetation


4. Create a drawing which maps the length of each Interstate Section.  This Drawing must fit on our 20" x 20"  template.  The drawing should be to scale, but not a specific scale. The drawing should include relevant information from step 1. It should also include the following:

- Location of major highway intersections

- Location of cities 

- Location of each site

- Relevant attributes of each site

- State, county, and city boundaries

- Locations of other significant 

- Locations of existing charging stations along assigned highway section


5. Rank each site on the drawing.

6. Using the templates provided, show your stretch of highway and site locations in relation to the other groups/Highways.

7. Prepare a presentation for Friday 02.23.2018 @ 3pm. Each group will present their three sites. We will divide into project groups and select project sites by 4:30pm





1. In your Project Groups, and using the steps from Tutorial 05 create a topo model for your proposed site. Examine this information along with the following questions?

- Is this site isolated enough to need a charging station with your proposed program?

- Does this site have enough room to accommodate on/off ramps, and parking for 30 Semis and 60 cars?

- Would you want to spend 15min - 4 hours on this site?

- Is there a way in which you could accommodate traffic from both directions on a single site?

- Imagine what a site plan, elevation, or rendering of your project look like on this site. Does it fit in with what you would like to see?


2. Select your final site. Create a topo model  of this site that is 1km x 1km square.

3. Using the Grasshopper scripts from Assignments 01 & 02 + Rhino + Illustrator,  create a set of drawings that show the followng:

- Topography 

- Infrastructure (roads, bridges, dams, tunnels, railways, etc)

- Buildings

- Vegetation

- Other Features

Required Drawings:

- Plan ( Contours, Infrastructure, Vegetation, Buildings, Features)

- Isometric (Infrastructure, Building, Topography - either TIN or Contours)

- Serial Sections (Infrastructure, Topography, Buildings, Vegetation)




1. As a class remake your site maps into a singe drawing for the entire class. Decide on a graphic style that fits with your previous assignments. (20" x 20" drawings)

- Show all 9 proposed sites

- Shown chosen sites with details about each

- Show all 3 highways that were researched

- Include traffic amounts for each site

- Show major highway intersections, cities, locations of note and existing charging stations